What's the difference between Teacher, Tutor, Coach, Trainer, Instructor, Lecturer, Professor?

We assign many different labels to “teachers” depending on the context in which they work. There are subtle but important differences between each of these groups and the role they play in education and society. Here is a breakdown of many common titles for teachers and the differences between them! 
Teacher  — учитель, преподаватель

A teacher (often called a school teacher) is a person who facilitates and provides education for their pupils (children) or students (adults). Normally becoming a teacher requires a high level of education, typically university or college level. Teachers normally undergo continuous professional development, like many other professionals, as part of their ongoing education. 
Teachers can specialize in a single field for a school Teachers Teachers can specialise in one field, such as arts, science, literacy, numeracy, religion or craftsmanship. They often use a lesson plan or organise their student’s learning, as part of a larger, ongoing course of study called a curriculum. In most cases, a teacher will work with a group of students at the same time. 
A teacher educates students in a one to many classroom setting, teaching subject material decided by the same government or educational institution. That is to say — students don’t choose their teacher or choose the subject/content/method that they will be taught.
Tutor — репетитор, наставник, домашний учитель
A tutor is an instructor or private teacher who gives private lessons to a single student or a very small

group, a teacher paid to work privately with one student or a small group. A tutor is a teacher who teaches a child outside of school, especially in order to give the child extra help with a subject they find difficult.
Private tutoring is a way to help slow learners keep up with their peers at school, while students already achieving high-level use tutors to achieve new levels. Tutoring can provide children with a competitive advantage in school, and as a result, the use of private tutors is increasing. 

Tutors are selected by the learner to teach the subject(s) they want to learn. They can advise the tutor to teach them in the ways that suit them best. The benefits of a tutor are that they find the best way to teach you the things you choose to learn.
Tutors give much a much more personalized learning experience to their students than what teachers can give. This is simply because of the imbalance between the number of teachers and students in a classroom, especially when you compare it to one on one tutoring.
Mentor — наставник, воспитатель, руководитель
a person who gives a younger or less experienced person help and advice over a period of time, especially at work or school.
Trainer — тренер, инструктор
A ‘trainer’ is normally a person who trains. This can often refer to people who train athletes, racehorses or show animals. However, the term can also be used to describe those within an organization who train and develop staff, such as a human resources professional, managers or dedicated training staff. In a Vocational Education & Training context, the teachers are referred to as vocational trainers or just trainers. To become a vocational trainer, you need appropriate vocational qualifications. 
Instructor — инструктор, учитель, руководитель
An instructor is a kind of teacher. It can refer to just about anyone who teaches others, but usually refers to hands-on skills like diving, swimming, skiing, and driving. 
Coach — тренер, инструктор, репетитор
Someone whose job is to teach people to improve at a sport, skill, or school subject. In a teaching context, a coach is someone who trains individual athletes or a team. However, coaching may also refer to a wider variety of situations where an individual is supported in reaching specific personal or professional goals, or results. It can also refer to a mentoring type situation, where one person with more experience and expertise offers advice and guidance to a less experienced person as they go through the learning process.
Lecturer — преподаватель, лектор

Someone who teaches at a college or university. A lecturer normally refers to someone, often an academic in the early stage of their career, who holds an open-ended position at a university (or similar) carrying out teaching and research. It can also be used to informally refer to anyone who conducts lectures at universities and other institutions, but it is also an academic rank. These levels are “associate lecturer”, “lecturer”, “senior lecturer”, “associate professor” and “professor”. 
Professor — профессор, преподаватель университета
“Professor” is an academic rank at a university, usually reserved for a teacher of the highest rank. Professors can be established or personal ‘chairs’. Established chairs are created by the university fulfill their needs for teachers and academic leadership in specific areas or disciplines, and can only be filled by people with suitable qualifications. Personal chairs can be granted in recognition of an individual’s high level of achievement and regard in a particular area or discipline. Professorships are normally only granted to accomplished and known academics, often only after decades of scholarly work. A Professor is an academic rank used in universities 

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